直言了专栏(zhiyan-le)- 中国学术评价网
 
蜂蜜:中青报协助方舟子剽窃也抄错和鼓吹犯法的又一案例。 (3075 查看)
日期: December 25, 2010 03:23AM

 蜂蜜:中青报协助方舟子剽窃也抄错和鼓吹犯法的又一案例。
直言了,2010-12-24。
(本文同时发至不良信息举报中心和新闻管理部门,希望他们依法办事,严肃调查处理中青报多次协助方舟子编造散布虚假新闻评论的行为。)。
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网友转来中青在线-中国青年报12月23日发表的《方舟子谈蜂蜜:基本上是高浓度糖,人工可复制,天然的未必好》,要我“赶紧”说看法。--- 现在是圣诞新年假期,我正跟同事朋友们通宵小聚。刚好,其中有食品法行家律师。跟他们说了情况和请他们指教,我看到一些资料,应网友“赶紧”要求而“赶紧”简答如下:
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方某那篇文章再次证明:因不懂装懂和搞造谣惑众,所以,方舟子剽窃也会抄错,且是涉嫌鼓吹犯法活动的言行。即所谓“打假人士”方舟子的真相是“造假人士”、是个靠造谣惑众吃饭的无业人员。
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譬如,方某文章说:“一次典型的测量结果是这样的:水占17.1%,糖占82.1%,蛋白质占0.3%,其他成分不到1%”云云,那是使用别人数据而不给来源、好象是他的东西了。那是明摆着的抄袭剽窃行为,可是,方舟子又抄错了。
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食品法行家律师说,实际数字是水占17.1克、而不是17.1%,等等,且相关数据已输入到维基等大众知识网站,譬如:
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[1] Typical honey analysis.(汉语:一个蜂蜜的典型分析):
Water: 17.2% ,……(其它,略)。
[2] Honey Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Water 17.10 g,……(其它,略)。
连接:[en.wikipedia.org]。
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行家朋友说,就成分说明而论,若讲百分比,水份是17.2%;若讲重量比例,水份是17.1克。这个单位计量的微小区别,反映了是内行还是外行、或反映了作者是原始作者、或是引用者却不懂得他在引用什么。
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根据行家朋友指教,可以看到方舟子再次抄袭剽窃也是再抄错。譬如,他那些抄错数据早有:
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标题:Honey-High GI or Low GI?
A high glycemic index for honey won't surprise anyone who has read the USDA's "National Nutrient Database." Honey is 82.4 percent carbohydrate, of which it is 82.1 percent sugar, and 17.1 percent water. That leaves 0.5 percent, which is 0.3 protein and 0.2 ash. It has trace amounts of minerals and vitamins.
from: [www.mendosa.com]
I always thought Honey was Low GI. Does anyone else have any info?
连接: [forum.bodybuilding.com]。
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该错抄来自:
News Letter, Number 23; October 15, 2001:
A high glycemic index for honey won't surprise anyone who has read the USDA's "National Nutrient Database." Honey is 82.4 percent carbohydrate, of which it is 82.1 percent sugar, and 17.1 percent water. That leaves 0.5 percent, which is 0.3 protein and 0.2 ash. It has trace amounts of minerals and vitamins.
连接: [www.mendosa.com]。
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那些文字说他们的数据来自美国农业部,可是,美国农业部数据是重量之“克”而不是百分比,见:
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Honey /NDB No: 19296 (Nutrient values and weights are for edible portion)
USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 23 (2010)
连接:[www.nal.usda.gov]。
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对比可以清楚看到,方舟子使用别人数据而不给来源,是抄袭剽窃行为;而他不懂装懂地搞造谣惑众,所以搞剽窃也抄错。这已经发生多次,且是方舟子行假欺骗的行为模式了。
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就自然和人工的蜂蜜是否同样或“哪个更好”而言,行家朋友介绍说,美国等国家早有食品营养学和医学的实验及鉴定,两者显然不同,因而,美国FDA-等部门有明确的法规规定区别其申明和标签。譬如,营养及医学实验鉴定说明,天然蜂蜜正常食用无害,但人造蜂蜜多种多样,其中有些对孕妇是有害的、有的甚至可导致癌症。此外,人造甜剂假蜂蜜为醺酒提供机会,也是法规严加管制的。因此,按照法规规定,不管是产品申请还是产品标签,天然和人造之两者必须有区别清楚的说明,否则,就可能有禁止上市或召回的处理。
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关于医学定义,例见美国政府文献:
Sweeteners(甜食糖类):
连接:[www.nlm.nih.gov]。
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关于食品定义,见美国政府文献:
U.S. FDA:Reportable Food Summary Report- Definitions / May 10, 2010
Sweeteners:
Including but not limited to:
• Natural and Artificial Sweeteners
• Corn Syrups
• Sugar
• Sugar Substitutes
• Honey
连接:[www.fda.gov]。
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可见,美国官方法规规范的规定是把不同糖类做区分的,即把不同糖类混同搞掺和是违法行为,对此,美国FDA-曾有过多次警告。这里是混同不同糖类而被FDA-警告的不少例子之一:
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Import Alert 36-01/ Published Date: 10/02/2009
Reason for Alert:
During the past several years there have been detentions of imported honey due to adulteration with corn or cane sugars. Detentions have been from Brazil, Mexico and the [former] Soviet Union.
连接:[www.accessdata.fda.gov]。
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这里是一则通讯,说的是蜂蜜混加不同成分而作为纯蜂蜜在美国销售而被警告的案情(摘录):
Chinese honey now reported among import dangers
15 senators urge FDA to get tough on adulterated sweetener
Posted: June 26, 2007, 1:00 am Eastern.WorldNetDaily.com
In 2002 and 2003, the FDA and U.S. Customs seized multiple shipments of Chinese honey at U.S. ports which were contaminated with chloramphenicol, an antibiotic that is banned in food products in the U.S. because of its potentially life threatening effects.
More recently, there are reports that imported honey is being blended with sugars or being labeled as a blend to avoid U.S. duties. This honey is subsequently sold to U.S. processors as pure honey. A long-time supporter of North Dakota's honey producers, Conrad recently called on the secretary of agriculture to address the growing problem of Colony Collapse Disorder, a mysterious condition destroying colonies of honeybees across the country.
连接:[www.wnd.com]。
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下面是美国FDA-刑事调查和美国司法部的公告,因案件涉及混同糖类和搞抗生素掺和的蜂蜜产品贸易,官方决定抓捕相关当事人(摘录):
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FDA,Office of Criminal Investigations
U.S. Department of Justice Press Release
For Immediate Release: September 1, 2010/Page Last Updated: 09/20/2010
www.usdoj.gov/usao/iln
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CHICAGO - Eleven individuals and six corporations were indicted on federal charges for allegedly anticipating in an international conspiracy to illegally import honey from China that was mislabeled as coming from other countries to avoid antidumping duties and included honey that was adulterated with antibiotics not approved for use in honey production, federal law enforcement officials announced today. Ten of the individuals were top executives of corporate defendant Alfred L. Wolff GmbH, or four affiliated defendant companies, a German food conglomerate whose United States honey-importing business was based in Chicago. Between 2002 and 2009, the defendants allegedly conspired to illegally import more than $40 million of Chinese-origin honey to avoid antidumping duties totaling nearly $80 million.
连接:[www.fda.gov].。
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对比科技事实、政府法规和公告等事实看,很清楚,方舟子所谓的天然和人造糖类或蜂蜜没什么不同、人造的甚至“更好”之类的言论,那不但是违犯科技事实且是鼓吹犯罪活动的造谣惑众的言行。
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至于方舟子说的所谓蜂蜜消化变成单糖才被吸收进人体、所以天然和人造没什么不同云云之说法,是陈旧烂货,譬如他鼓吹转基因和天然作物没什么不同,也是那么说的。对那种外行不懂装懂的造谣惑众,人民网强国论坛网民早就给予嘲笑批评:矿石和蔬菜里的铁元素都一样;照方某说法,人类需要铁元素、就去吃铁矿或吃钢锭好了,哈!
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至于中青报发表方舟子那篇造谣惑众和鼓吹犯罪活动的文章,不新鲜,他们已经做了多次,且至今逍遥法外。这也可以看到,中国大陆的一些媒体记者编辑是多么愚蠢无知和品质底下,为了圈钱而发表造谣文章去欺骗广大读者。
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现在,本人正和朋友们通宵度假,明天过节不上网。就“赶紧”要求而做了以上“赶紧”回答,别的,过了节再说。希望以上文字回答了问题。祝各位节日愉快开心。
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过完圣诞后请检查下邮箱,有事相求。 (2434 查看)
日期: December 25, 2010 05:07AM

  

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